Working from the UNDP Regional Service Centres in the Asia and the Pacific region and in Africa, three Regional South-South Units support South-South cooperation by pooling resources and offering advisory, programme, knowledge and operational services. These service centres support the various countries in each region as part of an effort to shift UNDP towards a more decentralized and networked service model.
The Regional South-South Unit in Africa has evolved since its inception. Its role in the beginning was to mainstream SSC into the work of the UNDP Regional Service Centre and the Regional Programmes as well as to advocate for SSC in Africa. This phase was completed successfully: SSC is fully integrated into the work of the Regional Service Centre and the SSC dimension has been incorporated into the implementation of all Regional Programmes. Joint missions have been carried out with joint/common products delivered to country offices, programme countries or partners, e.g., the Aid for Trade programme for the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS). In the area of advocacy, the Regional South-South Unit has consistently participated in various national and regional television and radio programmes focusing on SSC over the past five years.
The second phase of the work of the Unit was to support country offices, programme countries and regional institutions in matters relating to SSC. To date, more than 25 countries have benefited from such support, mainly in the form of technical and policy advice. Examples of recent interventions include the following: South Africa (trilateral arrangements); Algeria (experience in relations between parliament and civil society); and Rwanda and Burundi (access to African South-South funding).
Phase three of the work of the Regional South-South Unit is more encompassing. While the Unit continues to provide policy and technical support, it has also embarked on more knowledge-based and strategic interventions. It has contributed to the work of the African Union on “Strategic Partnership between Africa and Emerging Powers”. It is building the Pan African Parliament capacity in SSC. It supports African countries in their contribution to the aid/development effectiveness process and works with the New Partnership for Africa’s Development (NEPAD) in shaping the policy framework for SSC. It has just begun to support the Sustainable Development Goals acceleration framework (MAF) and has recently worked with the Economic Commission for Africa on the implications of SSC for the development of Southern African Development Community (SADC) countries.
Arab States, Europe and the Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS)
Regional Website: http://www.arab-ecis.unsouthsouth.org
UNOSSC’s Regional Division for Arab States, Europe and the CIS supports building up the South-South and triangular cooperation facilities in the Arab States as well as in Europe and the CIS. This work is implemented in line with the UNOSSC South-South cooperation framework, the policy decisions of the United Nations General Assembly High-level Committee on South-South Cooperation and the Nairobi outcome document of the High-level United Nations Conference on South-South Cooperation adopted by the United Nations General Assembly.
In providing its catalytic services at the regional level, the work of the UNOSSC Division for Arab States, Europe and the CIS is informed by the UNOSSC Regional Strategic Approach towards Advancing South-South, East-East, and Triangular Cooperation for Development in the Arab States, Europe and the CIS that comprises three elements:
A. Support to National-level Coordination Mechanisms on South-South and Triangular Cooperation
Experience shows that countries with the existing policy, coordination mechanism, and resources – including packaged knowledge and expertise, clearly identified needs, and some funding to support exchange with other countries – have proven more successful in South-South cooperation than countries reverting to South-South cooperation on an ad hoc basis.
B. Facilitation of SSC Online Portal for Real-time access to South-South-related Information
While national-level coordination is critical to ensuring scaled up South-South cooperation within and beyond the regions, the approach should provide for seamless and non-bureaucratic horizontal linkages, local leadership and ownership. It should also be inclusive and systematic in the sense that support activities should benefit as many existing and potential South-South exchanges involving various government, civil-society, and private-sector players as possible.
C. Mobilizing Funding Partners for Scaled-up Exchange in South-South Solutions, Technologies and Expertise
Building on existing institutional arrangements, capacities developed and other resources available (avoiding duplication of arrangements, capacities and resource facilities) while implementing the recommended approach can help to seriously reduce the set-up costs and in itself serve as a driver towards a more harmonized and inclusive approach.
Asia and the Pacific
Regional Website: http://www.asia-pacific.unsouthsouth.org/
The UNOSSC Regional Office for Asia-Pacific supports South-South cooperation in this dynamic, fast-growing and diversified region. A microcosm of the global office, the Asia-Pacific Office facilitates knowledge exchanges, forging strategic partnerships through South-South and triangular cooperation, mapping Southern development solutions, and undertaking outreach, advocacy and strategic communication on issues of critical importance to the South that call for South-South dialogue and solutions. As many of the countries and their respective institutions work outside the Asia-Pacific, the Office similarly works on intra-regional and inter-regional initiatives.
Member States of the United Nations have urged the UN institutions including its Regional Commissions, Funds and Specialized Agencies to support the implementation of South-South Cooperation. The UN Office for South-South Cooperation in Asia-Pacific represents the Director who is also designated as the Envoy of the Secretary-General; in South-South advocacy, policy dialogue and liaison with other regional United Nations entities in designing South-South cooperation strategies.
The Office also supports implementation of Innovative programmes. Examples include the Korean Facility for Poverty Reduction through South-South and Triangular Cooperation in Science and Technology; the South-South Citizenry-based Development Sub-Academy and globally implemented programmes such as the UN-India Fund; the Alliance of Cities project with China and the India-Brazil-South Africa (IBSA) Fund.
The Regional Office has managed publication of documents for the Series, South-South in Action with Thailand and Bangladesh in 2016. Through the work with Bangladesh, a South-South Network for Public Service Innovation was created in 2017. The Regional Office has benefitted from Secondment of staff by the Government of Thailand through the Thailand International Cooperation Agency (TICA).
The Regional Office is a member of the Asia-Pacific Regional Coordination Mechanism (RCM) chaired by the Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (ESCAP) which serves to strengthen policy and programme coherence of the United Nations at the regional level.