Climate change poses severe threat to sustainable development of human being. Enhanced international cooperation is crucial for all countries to combat climate change. As a complementary way to address climate change, South-South cooperation (SSC) on climate change is gaining momentum with an increasing number of developing countries undertaking traditional and innovative SSC modalities. However, as a nascent area, SSC on climate change still faces constraints that need to be addressed to unlock its full potential.
In this context, the South-South Cooperation Action Plan has been adopted by UN principals as a substantive pillar to support the implementation of the United Nations Secretary-General’s (SG) Climate Change Engagement Strategy in November 2017.
The Action Plan aims to support and promote South-South and Triangular cooperation on climate change by making using of existing network and capacity of the United Nations, with a view of contributing to raise ambition on climate actions and to achieve the global goals as set in the Paris Agreement as well as the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development.
Key pillars of the South-South Cooperation Action Plan
The Action Plan aims to support the engagement of the highest political leadership from the global South to promote South-South cooperation as a means of maintaining and strengthening momentum on the Paris Agreement and facilitate the alignment of Southern-led flagship initiatives with global goals on climate change and sustainable development.
The Action Plan aims to enhance recognition of and support for South-South cooperation on climate change by key stakeholders, including by reporting the landscape of South-South climate cooperation and showcasing success stories and experiences.
The Action Plan aims to accelerate and coordinate United Nations system-wide support to promote South-South and Triangular cooperation on climate change, and strengthen cooperation and coordination among United Nations entities, leveraging the full potential of the United Nations system for the implementation of the Paris Agreement and the 2030 Agenda.
The Action Plan aims to communicate, engage and mobilize climate action and contributions from the widest possible group of stakeholders from the global South including incubating cooperation initiatives and partnerships in specific areas.
Maintain and strengthen the political momentum on climate change
- Organize annual high level forum on South-South Cooperation on Climate Change (HLF/SSCCC) during the UNFCCC Conference of the Parties (COP)
- Organize regional events and workshop including in Africa, Asia, Latin America and the Caribbean, etc. focusing on topics that concern the regions
- Take stock of the progress of flagship development cooperation initiatives led by the global South with a view to promoting and aligning activities with global goals on climate and sustainable development
- Organize events and enhance communication during General Assembly and other important Southern platforms such as during the BAPA+40 Conference to enhance understanding and recognition of South-South climate cooperation
Strengthen knowledge, awareness and understanding of South-South climate cooperation
- Collect information on South-South climate cooperation and publish landscaping report on South-South cooperation on climate change periodically
- Conduct case studies of SSC on climate change
- Publish Southern Climate Solutions Series to support developing countries on developing knowledge to address climate change
Accelerate United Nations system-wide efforts and enhance coordination to support SSC on climate change
- Set up a working group on South-South cooperation on climate change with the support from relevant UN agencies to facilitate the implementation of the action plan
Engage multi-stakeholders of the South for global climate action
- Facilitate the establishment of a United Nations affiliated Global Climate Cooperation Center in the South
- Incubate high profile SSC initiatives in existing and emerging thematic areas related to climate change adaptation and mitigation
- Facilitate the establishment of a Multi-stakeholder facility on South-South cooperation on climate change to provide financial support on concrete South-South cooperation on climate change activities
Implementation of the SSC Action Plan
The Action Plan will be implemented through strengthened collaboration among United Nations system entities and enhanced partnerships among various stakeholders. The United Nations Office for South-South Cooperation (UNOSSC) will lead and coordinate the implementation of this Action Plan, in cooperation with key relevant United Nations entities including DPI, DESA, UNFPA, UNFCCC, FAO, UN-OHRLLS, UNIDO, UNICEF, UNDP, UNEP and others. The implementation of the Action Plan intends to feed into high-level United Nations events such as UNFCCC’s COP, Climate Summit in September 2019 in New York; HLPF, and the United Nations High-level Conference on South-South cooperation mandated by the General Assembly on the occasion of the fortieth anniversary of the adoption of the Buenos Aires Plan of Action (BAPA), to be held in March 2019 in Buenos Aires, Argentina.
The success of the implementation of the Action will rely on support from a wide range of stakeholders including governments, academia, private sector and civil society. We welcome partners to contribute and cooperate with us in various forms to support the implementation of the Action Plan.
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